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Metallic nanowires on the atomic scale: Electronic and vibrational coupling in real world systems


Ideal one-dimensional (1D) electronic systems have peculiar properties,

such as quantization of conductance, charge-density waves (CDWs), and Luttinger liquid

behavior, a variety of instabilities with a wealth of associated phase transitions.

These are due to their reduced dimensionality and the concomitant high electronic


The central topic of this  delocalized Research Unit

is the exploration and identification of physical

scenarios with one-dimensional properties under

explicit consideration of 2D and 3D coupling, their

control and their manipulation. In order to explore

this field with its great variety of physical phenomena

successfully and in reasonable depth, a close

collaboration between experimental and theoretical

groups is envisaged as well as the

combination of various experimental methods.